Wikwemikong: A Hidden Gem in Ontario

Nestled on the eastern side of Manitoulin Island, Wikwemikong is a small community that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and modern amenities. With a population of around 3,000 people, Wikwemikong is the largest First Nations reserve in Canada and is home to the Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve.

Attractions and Natural Wonders

Wikwemikong is a paradise for nature lovers, with its pristine lakes, lush forests, and scenic trails. Some of the must-visit attractions in the community include:

  • The Wikwemikong Heritage Trail: This 2.5 km trail takes visitors through the heart of the community and showcases the rich history and culture of the Anishinaabe people. Along the way, visitors can see traditional longhouses, a sweat lodge, and a powwow arbor.

  • The Manitoulin Island Country Club: This 18-hole golf course offers stunning views of Lake Huron and is a popular spot for golf enthusiasts.

  • The Ojibwe Cultural Foundation: This museum and cultural center showcases the art, history, and traditions of the Anishinaabe people. Visitors can see exhibits of traditional crafts, artifacts, and contemporary art.

  • The Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve: This reserve is home to several historic sites, including the Holy Cross Mission, which was established in 1844, and the St. Ignatius Church, which was built in 1886.

  • The M'Chigeeng First Nation Powwow: This annual event, held in August, is a celebration of Indigenous culture and features traditional drumming, dancing, and food.

History of Wikwemikong

Wikwemikong has a rich history that dates back thousands of years. The community was established by the Anishinaabe people, who have lived on Manitoulin Island for over 10,000 years. The name "Wikwemikong" means "Bay of the Beaver" in Anishinaabemowin.

In 1836, the British Crown signed the Manitoulin Island Treaty, which established reserves for the Anishinaabe people. Wikwemikong was one of the reserves established under this treaty.

The community was officially incorporated in 1968 and has since grown into a vibrant and thriving community that is proud of its heritage and culture.


Wikwemikong is a hidden gem in Ontario that offers visitors a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and modern amenities. Whether you're a nature lover, history buff, or simply looking for a peaceful getaway, Wikwemikong has something for everyone.


  • Wikwemikong Tourism website
  • Ojibwe Cultural Foundation website
  • Manitoulin Island Country Club website
  • Wikwemikong Unceded Indian Reserve website
  • M'Chigeeng First Nation Powwow website
  • "Wikwemikong: A History" by Alan Corbiere (book)