St. George, New Brunswick Canada

The History and Tourism of St. George, New Brunswick

St. George, New Brunswick, is a community nestled in the Rural Community of Eastern Charlotte, in Charlotte County, Canada. Previously a town until the end of 2022, St. George is now part of the rural community of Eastern Charlotte. The community is strategically located where the Magaguadavic River flows into the Bay of Fundy, between Passamaquoddy Bay and Lake Utopia.

The Historical Journey of St. George, New Brunswick

The area that is now St. George was first surveyed in 1786. Initially named Magaguadavic, the community was later renamed Granite Town due to the nearby red-granite quarries. In 1829, it was renamed to its current name, St. George, and a post office was established.

By 1898, the town's port served the Shore Line Railway, and the community boasted three hotels, four churches, 22 stores, and two mills. St. George was incorporated as a town in 1904.

During the Second World War, two military bases were opened near the town: A Canadian Army training base known as "Camp Utopia" and a RCAF/RAF Air Station at Pennfield Ridge. By the late 1950s, both bases were closed; Camp Utopia relocated to Camp Gagetown, later CFB Gagetown, and the airfield at Pennfield Ridge served as the first commercial airport for the city of Saint John.

From 1983 to 1985, Adex Mining Inc. operated a tungsten/molybdenum mine 40 km north of the town, at Mount Pleasant. Today, the primary employers in St. George are aquaculture and a J. D. Irving lumber mill, Lake Utopia Paper.

St. George, New Brunswick: A Hub of Hydroelectric Power

St. George Power operates a hydroelectric generating station on the Magaguadavic River. The station has an installed capacity of 15 MW and is a run of the river plant, meaning there is no water storage in reservoirs as there is at the Mactaquac Dam.

On 1 January 2023, St. George amalgamated with the village of Blacks Harbour and all or part of five local service districts to form the incorporated rural community of Eastern Charlotte. The community's name, St. George, remains in official use.

Demographics of St. George, New Brunswick

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, St. George had a population of 1,579 living in 698 of its 751 total private dwellings. This was a change of 4.1% from its 2016 population of 1,517. With a land area of 16.17 km2 (6.24 sq mi), St. George had a population density of 97.6/km2 (252.9/sq mi) in 2021.

Language in St. George, New Brunswick

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