Iqaluit, Nunavut

Iqaluit, Nunavut

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Iqaluit, the largest city in Nunavut, is also the capital of the new territory. Iqaluit, on the mouth of Frobisher Bay, overlooks Koojesse Inlet. Its name means 'place of many Fish'. Iqaluit is the hub of the Baffin, with north bound flights from Ottawa and Montreal. Iqaluit's runway, the longest in the Canadian Arctic, also provides an ideal refueling spot for international flights.

The city is located in the hills rising from Koojesse Inlet, an inlet of Frobisher Bay, on the south-east part of Baffin Island. It is well to the east of Nunavut's mainland, and northeast of Hudson Bay. Inhabitants of Iqaluit are called Iqalummiut (singular: Iqalummiuq).

Iqaluit has a typically arctic climate, with very cold winters and short summers that are too cool to permit the growth of trees. Average monthly temperatures are below freezing for eight months of the year. Precipitation averages less than 500 millimetres annually, but Iqaluit is much wetter than many other localities in the Canadian arctic islands, with the summer being the wettest season.

Iqaluit has the distinction of being the smallest Canadian capital city in terms of population and the only capital that cannot be accessed from the rest of Canada via a highway.

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia