Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada | Travel and Tourism Information Guide
The far east of the western world.
Come to the place where the New World begins. Feel the power of the Atlantic as it meets North America for the first time. It happens right here at Cape Spear. Where Newfoundland's oldest surviving lighthouse has stood for 16 decades. Where the wind warms your soul and where you're closer to Ireland's Cape Clear than Ontario's Thunder Bay.
Come to the city that started it all, the first in the New World. Come to St. John's and take a walk on Water Street, the oldest street in North America. Look out over a naturally-sheltered harbour, where 40 vessels lay anchored 40 years before the Mayflower landed. Raise a glass in a place that boasted over 80 pubs before the Americans began their battle for independence. Now that's history.
Take a walk in our park.
Come to Gros Morne National Park. Recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage site for its exceptional beauty and unique geological features. Ramble over an ancient expanse of mantle rock. Where colossal collisions of tectonic plates created formations as barren as the moon. Take a stroll through a jumbled mass of rust-coloured rocks. Visit the Tablelands, a 600-metre high plateau that forms one of the world's best examples of rock exposed from the earth's interior. Rock usually found only deep beneath the ocean floor. This is the land of the Titans, where human travellers are dwarfed by Precambrian cliffs towering thousands of feet above land-locked fjords.
A serious hike takes you all the way to the top of Gros Morne Mountain and rewards you with an unforgettable view of Ten Mile Pond and the Long Range Mountains.
This is where giant arctic hares make their home, and woodland caribou and moose can be found. Steep valley slopes are alive with lichens, mosses, and tuckamore trees. Orchids thrive, over thirty wild species in all. Berries answer to names like bakeapple, partridge, and alpine bear. Gros Morne is like no other place on the face of the earth. Come see our wild side. Take a walk in our park.
Come to Labrador, one of the last great wilderness areas on earth - a colossal frontier. Over 300,000 square kilometres of unspoiled land. Mountain ranges containing some of the oldest exposed rock on the planet. The Torngat, the Kaumajet, and the Kiglapait mountains feature sheer walls that soar 5,000 breathtaking feet out of the ocean.
Wildlife roam in spectacular numbers. One of the largest barren ground caribou herd in the world lives here, the George River Caribou Herd, 450,000 strong. There are moose, wolves, lynx, porcupines, and polar bears. Whales, seals, and giant arctic hares. It's wild.
If you're a fool for fishing, you'll be crazy about our fish. Brook Trout tipping the scales at seven and eight pounds. Ouananiche, a landlocked salmon, the largest in the world was caught here, a 22-pound trophy. And Atlantic salmon run upwards of 20,000 fish in some of our rivers.
You can see forever in Labrador. And you can see where the Palaeo-Indians lived 9,000 years ago. See the 7,500-year-old Maritime Archaic Indian burial site which is the most ancient evidence of a funeral in North America. And Red Bay is where the Basque whalers, in the early 1500s, rendered whale oil for Europe, establishing the first industry in the new world.
The people of Labrador are your hosts in this big-hearted place. You'll notice that it's a personal thing when you come to our home. The Innu and Inuit are Labrador's indigenous peoples. Their history dates back many centuries, and it is they who first learned how to live in this land. Whaling, fishing, and fur trapping brought European settlement around 1700. You can see how it was at Hebron, Hopedale, and Nain where original, preserved Moravian mission sites still hold out against the elements.
Come to Labrador. A place that will awaken your heart and soul.